Krill oil, 60 caps 500mg per cap. My recommended Omega 3 supplement for iodine therapy.Krill oil is our most popular “fish” oil. We also believe it is the best source of essential phospholipid bound EPA and DHA. Contains EPA 75mg, DHA 45mg, Astaxanthin 0.5 mg, total Omega-3 Fatty Acids 133mg, total Omega-6 Fatty Acids 6mg, Phospholipids 210 mg. Our krill oil is free of detectable levels of PCBs, dioxins, pesticides, lead, mercury, arsenic and other heavy metals and contains no trans-fatty acids.Our krill oil is made from Euphausia superba (Antarctic Krill) and comes from one of the top 3 krill oil manufacturers, the same source as the Azantis brand. Krill is one of the earth’s most abundant and sustainable organisms. Antarctic krill is the largest biomass on earth. Phospholipid vs. Triglyceride FormsKrill oil is a unique source of omega-3 fatty acids, choline, and astaxanthin. One thing that differentiates krill oil from other sources of omega-3 is that, in krill oil, the fatty acids EPA and DHA are bound to phospholipids instead of triglycerides. This phospholipid form is structurally the same as our cell membranes. Moreover, these phospholipid forms are handled differently in the digestive tract. Phospholipids spontaneously form micelles, which can be transportedeasily in the aqueous environment. Phospholipids can be absorbed intact or in their lysophosphatidylcholine form. Triglycerides, on the other hand, are insoluble in an aqueous environment and require bile salts for their emulsification. While triglyceride forms of EPA and DHA remain valuable elements of supplemental nutrition, phospholipidbasedforms provide unique benefits that, when coupled with added choline and astaxanthin, render krill oil a novel nutrient complex with significant clinical benefit.Clinical TrialsThe clinical benefits of omega-3 fatty acids have been demonstrated in thousands of clinical trials conducted over the past 10 years. In 2008 alone, there were 1000 published papers and over 140 randomized clinical trials on omega-3 fatty acids. During this same period, there were some 15,000 media stories on omega-3 fatty acids. This makes omega-3 fatty acids among the most critically documented nutrients of all those currently under investigation. Several groups have chosen to position krill oil as “better than fish oil.” Our adherence to sound scientific principles has caused us to takea different course. We recognize the tremendous rigor of the science of omega-3 fatty acids. Most of this work has been built on fish oil, while additional work has been built on algae oil, flax oil, krill oil, and other oils. Additional AttributesHaving noted this, we have also closely examined the unique properties of krill oil and the potential to provide benefits that include those found in fish oil, plus those that are unique to krill oil. For this reason, we prefer the phrase “beyond fish oil.” Beyond fish oil means that the inherent benefits of omega-3 fatty acids from fish oil are well documented and worthy of our respect. Beyond this, the composition of krill oil affords health benefits that are also rooted in sound scientific principles. For this reason, krill oil can be seen as a category of omega-3 fatty acids unto itself. It is these additional attributes that have many customers now looking to krill oil as a value-added component of a healthy lifestyle. These attributes include the following:1) Krill omega-3 fatty acids are bound to phospholipids, as opposed to triglycerides;2) Krill PL contain choline, a neurotransmitter precursor important to brain and muscle tissue;3) Astaxanthin, a naturally-occurring carotenoid molecule with powerful antioxidant activity.Choline and Its Many Health BenefitsCholine is found in krill phospholipids as part of the phosphatidylcholine molecule. Choline is not found in fish triglycerides. Choline has critical functions as a precursor to the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is the neurotransmitter that is probably most well known for its involvement in Alzheimer’s disease. If we have adequate levelsof choline, we support the acetylcholine neurotransmitter system, which protects attention, focus, memory, and even muscle function. Choline is also one of the body’s most important methyl donors, contributing one-carbon units much like folic acid and vitamin B12.Choline Deficiency SignsWhen choline levels in the diet are not adequate, deficiency signs are most noted in:1) Brain2) Muscles3) LiverCholine Deficiency May Be WidespreadThe added benefit of choline in krill oil cannot be underestimated. In one recent study, 86.2% of female medical students and 90.9% of male medical students did not consume the recommended daily amount of choline. These amounts have been set by the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences at 425 to 550 mg/day. Krill oil phospholipids provide additional dietary choline, which contributes to the daily need.AstaxanthinKrill oil contains high levels of one of the most powerful natural antioxidants called Astaxanthin. Astaxanthin is a carotenoid molecule from the same family as beta-carotene, lycopene, and zeaxanthin, though astaxanthin appears to be more active in quenching superoxide, hydroxyl, and other radical species. Recent studies suggest that astaxanthin hasanti-inflammatory action, inhibiting cytokine cascades involving NFkB and TNFalpha. This has led to the use of astaxanthin in a number of trials of cardiovascular health, respiratory health, joint health, athletic performance, and others.Astaxanthin is what gives salmon its red color. Krill get their astaxanthin from small phytoplankton, their primary source of food. While krill contain natural levels of astaxanthin, we provide additional astaxanthin to our omega-3 krill phospholipid products. Our highest grade contains 1500 ppm astaxanthin, with specialty grades providing even more. This is in recognition of the tremendous antioxidant value astaxanthin adds to both product stability and clinical outcomes.__________________1 Gossell-Williams, M, Benjamin, J. West Indian Med J. 2006 Jun; 55(3):197-9.Krill Q & AHow is krill harvested?Each trawler is allowed to harvest during the main season and only about 1% of the allowable limit is actually harvested. Krill harvesting is among the most regulated of any harvesting or fishing methods in the oceans.Is the krill population in the oceans sustainable?Our krill oil is made from Euphausia superba (Antarctic Krill). This is one of the earth’s most abundant and sustainable organisms. Antarctic krill is the largest biomass on earth. The total quantity is estimated to be between 500 and 800 million tons. The weight of this biomass is almost double that of all the humans on earth. The krill harvest is well below conservative international catch guidelines. Most of the harvested krill is used for fish feed in salmon farms and the quantities harvested is less than 1% of the total bio-mass. Krill oil uses less than 1% of the 1% harvested annually.What is the recommend daily dose of Krill Oil?The recommend daily dose for each individual may vary with intended use. While the optimum dosage is still being determined, current recommendations are 1000 mg daily (2 capsules). Individuals frequently take more than 2 caps daily in an effort to provide higher amounts of each of the krill oil constituents. Open label use has not shown this to be problematic, as current studies are investigating as many as 8 capsules per day.Can people take krill oil if they are allergic to shellfish?Absolutely not. Talk with your physician if you suspect you are allergic to shellfish or fish. If you are allergic to fish do not take this product.